Click on the icon below to go to the Chrome Web Store. Choose + Add to Chrome to install Mailvelope as an extension in your browser.
After installation, a lock icon is displayed in the main Google Chrome toolbar, to the right of the address bar, which goes to Mailvelope's main menu.
Click on the icon below to naviate to addons.mozilla.org. Choose + Add to Firefox to install Mailvelope as an add-on in your browser.
OpenPGP and therefore Mailvelope use public-key cryptography which means a key is split into two parts: public and private keys with different purposes:
In order to send encrypted emails to a peer, you must have the public key of the recipient. Therefore, before secure communication can happen between two people, they must exchange their public keys with each other. There are multiple ways that public keys can be distributed:
Public and private keys, as well as encrypted messages in OpenPGP, are encoded in a certain text format that allows them to be exchanged or stored as text files.
For example, a public key would look like this:
-----BEGIN PGP PUBLIC KEY BLOCK-----
Version: OpenPGP.js v.1.20121015
-----END PGP PUBLIC KEY BLOCK-----
We see encoded data surrounded by lines that mark the beginning and end of this key.
Click on Mailvelope's lock icon in the browser extension toolbar to open the main menu. Choose Options to navigate to the key ring, which holds all your keys:
To use Mailvelope, at least one key pair (consisting of a public and private key) must be available. We can either generate a new key pair as explained in this section, or import an existing key pair as described below.
Click on Generate Key to open the key generation dialog:
Fill in all required information. After clicking Submit, the key generation process will start and the result can be viewed by navigating back to the key list with Display Keys
Existing keys can be imported in the Import Key dialog:
Paste any keys in text format as shown above in the section Message Formats into the textarea. Again, check Display Keys after a successful import to view the result.
Key export functionality is used to extract keys in text format. We can use this to publish public keys or to make a backup of a public-private-keypair in a secure place.
Key export is available in the Display Keys view. Select a key and press Export to view the dialog:
The following options are available:
Mailvelope extends the user interface of webmail (e.g. Gmail™, Yahoo® Mail etc.) with controls that allow for encryption and decryption of email.
Starting with Mailvelope v0.6 the default behavior is to compose and encrypt messages in an external editor.
The compose button is displayed in all email compose areas of the webmail provider and will launch Mailvelope's external editor.
Clicking on the compose button will open a new popup with a separate editor. This ensures that the email creation and encryption process is completely isolated from the webmail provider.
The email can now be composed. Next, click on the encrypt button to display the encrypt dialog. Here you can choose the recipients, or more specifically the people that should be allowed to decrypt the message and Add them to the list. Their public keys must already be imported as described in Key Import.
The following encodings are available:
Click on Ok to encrypt the email. The email text will be replaced with the encrypted message.
The undo button will revert the content back to the unencrypted text and you can restart the process.
The final step is to copy the encrypted message back to the email provider. A click on Transfer will do this and close the external editor.
Now the encrypted message can be sent as usual.
Mailvelope offers also a second mode where messages are encrypted directly in the webmail provider's page. See the Security section for instructions on activating this mode and details on what the security implications of this mode are.
Whenever Mailvelope detects an encrypted message in an email it marks it with an overlay:
If you click inside this area the password dialog opens.
Mailvelope tries to find the private key that is required to decrypt the message. If the correct key is found in the key ring then the corresponding User and Key ID are displayed.
After unlocking the key with the password the message is decrypted and directly shown in the marked area.
Mailvelope comes preconfigured to work with the following webmail services:
Using this general approach it can be configured to work with any webmail provider. This can be done in the Preferences section of the Options view.
The watch list defines a set of websites that are enhanced with the functionality provided by Mailvelope.
By default Mailvelope is active for all sites in the watch list. To deactivate a site click on Edit in the corresponding row and change the Active value. Confirm with Update.
Load the website you want to add to the watch list in a browser tab (the active tab). Click on the lock icon in the browser extension toolbar to open the main menu. Choose Add page. The browser will open a new tab with Mailvelope's Options page and will add the website to the watch list. Reload the website to activate Mailvelope.
Load the website you want to remove from the watch list in a browser tab (the active tab). Click on the lock icon in the browser extension toolbar to open the main menu. Choose Remove page. The browser will open a new tab with Mailvelope's Options page and after confirmation will remove the web site from the watch list.
Mailvelope offers end-to-end encryption which means it must ensure that at no time secret data can leave the browser of the user.
Mailvelope's user interface consists of a set of isolated elements floating on top of the webmail provider's UI elements. This tight integration improves usability, but also requires measures to prevent any data leakage.
The security goals for Mailvelope are as follows. All data must be safe even if:
This attack scenario was thoroughly tested in a penetration test by Cure53 who also helped with the design of the security concepts used by Mailvelope v0.6
In this section we look at security from an end user perspective. Further information is also available in the security section of the FAQ. The relevant settings can be found in the following dialog.
The security token consists of a three character code and a color that is known only to the user. It is generated randomly in the installation process of Mailvelope and can be changed in the above settings to a custom pattern.
All dialog windows of Mailvelope (password entry, mail compose editor, mail decrypt popup) will display the security token, thereby clearly identifying their origin. A spoofed dialog can be identified by a missing or wrong security token. Mailvelope cannot prevent certain manipulations but with this approach the user can always identify if something is wrong.
Two different modes to display the encrypted messages are available:
This offers the best usability. The encrypted messages are displayed inside an isolated sandbox that is not accessible by the webmail provider.
The watermark shown in the background of the decrypted message has the same purpose as the security token concept: we can clearly identify that the displayed message is the one decrypted by Mailvelope.
For the watermark, the characters of the security token are used, displayed in light gray.
This variant is vulnerable to clickjacking attacks, which means that Mailvelope cannot guarantee that a click on a link in a decrypted message results in navigation to the page that was intended by the author of the message. For most users this should be an acceptable risk. If in doubt use the following popup mode, which is immune to such attacks.
Decrypted messages are displayed in a separate modal popup.
Two different modes are available to compose a secure message:
The mail is composed in a separate popup window and only transferred in encrypted form back to the webmail provider's editor. In this variant the clear text of the message will never leave Mailvelope.
You compose your email in the editor of the webmail provider. That means before you encrypt the email, the provider potentially has access to what you type. This comes often as a feature with the auto-save drafts function: the incomplete (and unencrypted) mail is stored every few seconds on the server. This variant might make sense for your special use case, but be aware that this violates the concept of client-side encryption as the unencrypted message or parts of it can leave your browser.
Mailvelope can cache passwords for private keys in local memory. You can activate the cache in the security settings or with the password dialog. Passwords have a lifetime which can be adjusted in the settings and are always deleted when you close the browser window.